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All homes need a way to process their wastewater and sewage originating from sinks, bathtubs, showers, washing machines and toilets. Since many rural homeowners are not connected to a sewer system, a septic systems is needed as a main method of sewage and wastewater treatment and disposal. A septic system is a self-contained, underground wastewater treatment system that is designed to hold, treat and dispose of household wastewater. When the liquid portion leaves the system, it can eventually reach groundwater or surface water, and contaminate your local drinking water source, Proper wastewater tratmernt and care and maintenance of a septic system will help prevent contamination of local water sources, protecting the the environment. health of your family and your community. 

When waste flows inside the septic tank, it separates into three layers. The bottom of the tank will fill with solid matter, or sludge, which will accumulate over time if proper bacteria does not build up in the tank. The topmost layer will consist of scum, which will be composed mostly of oil and grease. The center layer will be almost all water. If the system is working properly, this liquid is dispersed through the outlet pipe into the distribution box and into the drain-field.

Within near distance from any residential or commercial that is not connected to a sewer system there's a network of pipes and trenches filled with sand and gravel. As the liquid leaves the buildings it flows into a septic tank and from the tank to a D-BOX (distribution box) and to a drain field. Bacteria builds up in the septic tank and it feeds on the effluent and as it flows through the field, various other organisms within the ground absorb the contaminants further and purify the water. The clean water then becomes a part of the groundwater aquifer.

To perform optimally, septic tanks need to be pumped at least once every three years, even sooner if you have a large family. Not pumping the septic tank regularly will cause sludge to accumulate, preventing more effluent from being accepted into the septic tank. Once the tank is full, there is no other way to flow but back up the pipes causing a potential plumbing backup inside the house. Over time the drain field may also start to flood as a result of effluent and sludge built up in the laterals of the field. If that happens, the grass in that area may appear bright, lush, and green compared to the surrounding landscape. If you notice any of these side-effects, call for a septic inspection to prevent the home’s plumbing system from failing.

  • Avoid putting grease down your garbage disposal or household drain. It can solidify, collect debris and accumulate in the lines, or build up in your own system.
  • Never flush disposable diapers, sanitary napkins or paper towels down the toilet. They could stop up your drains and may damage your plumbing system.
  • If the lateral line in your older home has a jointed pipe system, consider whether the roots of large shrubs or trees near the line could invade and break pipes. It is a good idea to know the location of your lateral line(s). Property maps can often be acquired from your Village planning department.
  • If the lowest level of your home is below ground level, such as a basement floor drain, it may one day be affected by a backup. One way to prevent sewage backup through such below ground areas is to Install a “back-flow valve” on the lowest drain(s). You can also use a plumber’s test plug to close these drains when not in use.
  • For further information about preventive measures, contact Septic RX®.

In the majority of cases, a special rider will need to be added to your homeowner’s or renter’s insurance policy to cover damages related to sewage backups or water damage. This optional coverage is usually not very expensive, but you must usually request that it be added to your policy. Check with your insurance agent about this policy provision. Call your insurance agent today to have this coverage added to your policy.

The answer to that question is NO. Many of these products include biologically based materials such as bacteria, enzymes, and yeast. Some may also included inorganic chemicals (acids and bases), or organic chemicals (including solvents). All research conducted to date on three of these types of bacterial additives has not shown any reduction in the rate of solids buildup nor increases in bacterial activity in the septic tank. With that said, they do not seem to reduce the need for regular pumping of the septic tank. Aditive products containing organic chemicals may even damage the drainfield or contaminate the groundwater and possibly nearby wells. Our opinion is strictly based on current available data from various studies. We neeither promote septic tank aditives nor do we discorage anyone from using them.

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